EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) is an extremely effective therapy for PTSD, anxiety, phobias, and a number of other mental health diagnoses. What sets it apart from other therapies is the use of bilateral stimulation, usually in the form of eye movements, tactile vibrations, or audio. But that's only ONE part of this evidence based psychotherapy. There are so many other aspects of EMDR Therapy which help to make it a successful treatment in the field of mental health.
More than just Phase 4
Many individuals think that they're only doing EMDR if they're actually moving their eyes (or using the tappers or audio, other forms of bilateral stimulation). The eye movements are actually part of Phase 4 of EMDR, which is an 8 Phase Therapeutic Approach. (Download my free EMDR Handbook to get more info on the 8 Phases)
What really makes EMDR so effective is that it's based on the trauma informed model. This means that together, you and your therapist approach your history with curiosity. Together, you explore your life experiences, such as things that have happened to you, or maybe DIDN'T happen to you (like emotional neglect) to help bring clarity to the development of your symptoms (such as depression and anxiety).
It also extremely important to never rush into Phase 4 of EMDR, for a whole host of reasons. Most importantly, phase 4 should never be conducted until a client can maintain dual awareness - that means being able to have one foot in a memory and one foot in the present moment. Without that, reprocessing will not only be ineffective, but it can worsen symptoms of dissociation or emotional avoidance.
What happens after the Eye Movements?